Egypt was declared a democratic and a republic nation since 1953. Initially, the presidents were elected by the people through normal voting like in any other country, but it went through one of the longest presidential rule under Mohammad Hosni Mubarak for about 30 years, from 1981 to 2011. And his term of president ship of Egypt is also commonly termed to be a dictatorship, because he was re-elected for five times in the presidential elections. His term of rule has observed many economic crisis and oppression of the people, and as a result, the widespread protests in early 2011 resulted Mubarak to resign from his rule, and Egypt got freedom from his dictatorship.
Egypt under the rule of Mubarak saw many changes, most of which was for the worse of the country’s status. During his time, though being a so-called democracy, there was apparently no list of candidates to choose from during the elections. And it has been found out the out of the total population of Egypt, only about 40 percent are registered voters, and only 25 percent of them actually participate in the process, and they are loyal to the existing president. And as a result, in all the elections, Mubarak emerged out as the only voted candidate. This over the time infuriated the people, who participated in the revolution against him, to end dictatorship in Egypt.
Mubarak used his military power to oppress the people. There was mass political unrest throughout the nation. Most of the people attended the voting only due to presence of strict military forces, who supervised the elections. The military was controlled directly by the president, so they took his side, and almost forced the people to cast their votes in his favor. Thus this created mass uprising against him leading to the end of his dictatorship.
In 2005, Mubarak pointed out that his rule was not a perfect example of a democratic nation. So he devised a new set of rules, so that there were more candidates to choose from during the elections. He allowed leaders from different political parties to step up in the process. But there were restrictions that prohibited the people who opposed him to stand in the elections. So with the help of police force and self-important laws, he got elected quite easily. This made the people form a group opposing his rules, which eventually led to the freedom from dictatorship.
The government under Mubarak was highly corrupted. He made civil laws that oppressed the people both politically and religiously. He made laws that made him more powerful, and led to prolonging his president ship over Egypt. He forcefully imprisoned many of his opposing leaders, opened illegal facilities for their imprisonment and detention, and provided power to the military to arrest common people out of slight suspicions. As a result, Egypt was rated one of the most corrupted nations of 2010 under his dictatorship.
Finally, the people outburst in rage on 25th January, 2011, causing mass protests, ignored his curfew order and emergency rules. Military lost control of the rising mob, and finally Egypt got freedom of dictatorship on 11th February, 2011, when Mubarak fled to Cairo, and his president ship got dissolved.
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